Monday 24th of June 2024

resolution not to implement resolutions.....

Israel has problems with the United Nations. When it comes to the country’s conflict with Palestine, Israeli diplomats quickly become furious as they defy the world organisation and its member states. The ongoing bombardment of the population in Gaza – of densely populated residential areas, refugee camps, schools, hospitals, civilian infrastructure, and journalists and their families – shows that Israel is violating international law.


Israel and the United Nations.  by Karin Leukefeld, Bonn and Damascus


UN membership subject to conditions 

[…] that Israel is a peace-loving State and is able and willing to carry out the obligations contained in the Charter” (UNGA Resolution 273; see box).
  Even during war, it is considered a crime to target civilian populations, to cut off their water, electricity, fuel, medical supplies, food, and communication links. While more and more countries recall their ambassadors from Israel, or, like Bolivia, break off diplomatic relations altogether, the German government in Berlin remains unconditionally loyal to Israel.
  Foreign Minister Baerbock declared that Israel – like every state in the world – has a duty to protect its population and to defend itself against attacks. Baerbock described the people in the Jabaliya refugee camp – bombed by Israel twice within 24 hours – as “human shields” of the “terrorist organisation Hamas”. This not only reveals contempt for the victims of the bombings, it also shows that the German Foreign Minister doesn’t know the history of the state of Israel and of Palestine.


The UN dividing Palestine 

Before the end of the British Mandate (1920–1948), Palestine was divided under the UN Partition Plan (UN Resolution 181 II). The newly founded UN thus complied with a promise made by the British colonial power in 1917, when the British Foreign Secretary Lord Balfour committed the British Crown to supporting the Zionist national movement in establishing a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine. The population living in Palestine rejected the idea. Protests and violence, which had already begun before the UN resolution, erupted as discussions of the partition plan proceeded.
  This partition plan, adopted in November 1947 (UN Resolution 181 II), divided Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. Although more than two thirds of the approximately 1,900,000 inhabitants at the time were Muslim, Christian, and Druze Palestinians, with only one third comprising immigrant Jews, the indigenous Palestinian population wasn’t given a vote. A referendum was rejected.
  The Jewish state was to comprise 56.47 per cent of Palestine, the Arab state 42.88 per cent. The city of Jerusalem, with 0.65 per cent, was to be placed under UN administration as a “corpus separatum”. All three parts were to be combined in an economic union. The port city of Jaffa belonged to the Arab state. At the time, the UN had 56 member states, of which 33 voted in favour, 13 against and ten abstained. All Arab states voted against.


The expulsion 

Although the Zionists regarded the partition resolution as the founding document of their state, they launched military operations to expel the Palestinians immediately after the plan was passed in order to enlarge the territory granted to them. They attacked villages and either killed or expelled the population. 530 Palestinian villages were destroyed. At the turn of the year 1948/49, the Palestinians were left with only 22 per cent of the land that the UN partition plan had intended for them. East Jerusalem had been defended by the Jordanian Arab Legion against the Zionist militias. West Jerusalem, on the other hand, had been taken early on by the Zionist underground army Haganah and the Palestinian population had been expelled. Thus, the Zionists ignored the part of the UN partition plan according to which Jerusalem was to be placed under international administration as a “corpus separatum”.
  On 14 May 1948, the State of Israel was proclaimed. The following day, on 15 May, Israel applied for membership to the United Nations. The application was not dealt with by the UN Security Council. On the very same day, 15 May, the Arab states declared war on Israel. On 20 May, the UN General Assembly appointed the Swedish diplomat Count Folke Bernadotte as UN mediator for Palestine. Bernadotte succeeded in negotiating a ceasefire and he laid the foundations for the UN relief organisation for Palestinian refugees, UNRWA. He criticised the “ethnic cleansing” of the Palestinians and the fact that “Israel claimed all of Jerusalem for itself”, which contradicted the UN partition plan. On 17 September 1948, UN special mediator Bernadotte was assassinated by the Stern Group, a Zionist militia. Yitzhak Shamir, who later became Israeli Prime Minister, was also a member of the Stern Group. The UN Security Council condemned Bernadotte’s assassination. On 11 December 1948, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194, which defined the status of Jerusalem and the right of return of Palestinian refugees (if feasible) as well as compensation for their losses. On 17 December that same year, a second Israeli application for membership to the United Nations was rejected by the UN Security Council.
  After parliamentary elections in 1949, Israel applied for membership to the United Nations for the third time. On 4 March 1949, the UN Security Council voted in favour of membership with Resolution 69. Great Britain had objections. It had abstained from the vote arguing that Israel wasn’t abiding by UN principles and didn’t accept the UN partition plan. The UN General Assembly approved Israel’s membership on 11 May 1949, however it formulated conditions. Thereafter, Israel was accepted as a member of the United Nations on condition that Israel accept, and implement, Resolutions 181 II and 194, the UN Partition Plan and the right of return of the Palestinians (if feasible) as well as their reparations. Since then, Israel has ignored more than 200 resolutions of the UN General Assembly alone.
  In 1967, after the Six-Day War, another important United Nations resolution was passed, this time by the UN Security Council. This was Resolution 242 of 22 November 1967, which stated that the “conquest of land by war is inadmissible” and that Israeli troops must withdraw from the occupied territories (1967). This involved East Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and the Syrian Golan Heights, which Israel had occupied in the Six-Day War (June 1967). By that time, Israel had already begun to colonise the occupied territories, in particular through the illegal construction of settlements. Israel was thus violating international law and the 4th Geneva Convention.
  At the UN General Assembly on 22 September 2023, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stepped up to the lectern with a map to demonstrate that Israel and Saudi Arabia – then in a political rapprochement supported by the USA – were on the verge of an agreement. On the map of the region that Netanyahu held up, Israel encompassed the entire territory of Palestine, without showing the Palestinian West Bank, Gaza, or East Jerusalem, the intended capital of a state of Palestine. The Palestinian territories that were to have formed a Palestinian state had been erased.


The attack by the Qassam Brigades 

Israel responded to the attack by the Qassam Brigades from the Gaza Strip on areas in southern Israel on 7 October 2023 with unprecedented violence against the Palestinians, initially in the Gaza Strip and now also in the occupied West Bank. Calls in the UN Security Council and the General Assembly for a ceasefire and aid for the civilian population have been met with threats and accusations by Israeli diplomats. UN Secretary-General António Guterres was insulted and asked to resign when he pointed out at a UN Security Council meeting (24 October 2023) that the 7 October attack had not emerged out of a vacuum. For more than 56 years, the Palestinians have been living under an oppressive Israeli occupation and have been denied their own state. No party in an armed conflict is above international humanitarian law, said Guterres, referring to the clear violations of humanitarian law that can be observed in Gaza.
  The USA has put a stop to several draft resolutions calling for an immediate ceasefire on the grounds that they did not recognise Israel’s “right of defence” and the condemnation of Hamas as a “terrorist organisation”. During those political battles in the UN Security Council, more than 8,700 people were killed (as of 2 November) by the Israeli bombardment of the Gaza Strip, including more than 3,600 children.
  On 27 October, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution of Arab states by 121:14:44 votes calling for an “immediate, permanent and sustainable humanitarian ceasefire” between Israeli forces and Hamas fighters in Gaza. In addition, “continuous, sufficient and unhindered” supplies to the civilian population trapped in Gaza must be ensured.


Israel and the United Nations

Israel refused to abide by the UN resolution. Instead, on the same day it was passed, Israel intensified its aerial, artillery, and naval bombardment of the Palestinian coastal strip. The supply of water, medicine and fuel has been interrupted. Communications in Gaza have been cut, neither telephones nor internet connections are working.
  On 30 October, Israeli UN Ambassador Gilad Erdan appeared with a yellow Star of David on his suit jacket. “Never again” was written on it. The symbolic gesture was meant to invoke German fascism and the extermination of Jews during WWII by religious, ethnic and societal groups as well as by political opponents. Erdan claimed to be wearing the star “as his grandparents and the grandparents of millions of Jews” once wore it. He intends to continue wearing it until the United Nations condemns the atrocities committed by Hamas and demands the immediate release of the Israeli hostages.
  The action was criticised by the chairman of the Yad Vashem memorialDani Dayan, who said that wearing the star was a “disgrace (shame) for the victims of the Holocaust and for Israel”. The yellow star symbolises the helplessness of the Jewish people, according to Dayan, whereas today, Israel has an independent state and a strong army. “We are the masters of our own destiny,” Dayan said. “Today we will pin a blue and white flag on our lapels, not a yellow star.”
  Numerous UN diplomats, UN organisations, and institutions have issued appeals calling for a to stop to Israel’s violation of international law. While it is not explicitly stated, the appeals are directed at those governments – such as the USA and Germany – that arm and support Israel, politically and in the media, and – like the USA – prevent the UN Security Council from unanimously and immediately calling for a ceasefire. On 14 October, Francesca Albanese, the UN Special Representative for Human Rights in the Palestinian Territories occupied by Israel since 1967, declared that “under the guise of war […] Israel is trying once again and in the name of self-defence to justify what would amount to ethnic cleansing”.
  As a reminder: On 11 May 1949, Israel was accepted as a member of the United Nations on the condition that it accepts and implements Resolutions 181 II (the UN Partition Plan) and 194 (the UN Partition Plan and the right of return of the Palestinians (if feasible) and their reparations). To this day, Israel has never considered it “feasible” for the Palestinians to return. On the contrary, Israel has done everything in its power to appropriate the land of Palestine. The USA has always held a protective hand over Israel even as Palestinians are expelled, arrested, and killed. In October 2023, high-ranking Israeli politicians and personalities labelled the Palestinian people as “human animals”.  •

First published on on 4 November 2023;







yahweh's deceit....


Blood: The bitter harvest of breaching Resolution 2334    By Paul Heywood-Smith


I have been troubled by the West’s media treatment of the October 7th military raid on Israel by the Palestinian people. Who is really responsible for the fact that the October 7 raid occurred?

I believe that the answer to this question can be found in the text of UN Security Council Resolution 2334, adopted by the Security Council on 23 December 2016, and in Israel’s response to it. The resolution passed 14-0 with one abstention. That abstention was the United States. The vote was taken in the last month of the Obama administration.

In order that there can be no suggestion of my hiding anything, or misrepresenting the Resolution, I reproduce, in full, the text of the Resolution.

The Security Council,

“Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 465 (1980), 476 (1980), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), and 1850 (2006).

“Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force,

“Reaffirming the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and recalling the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the International Court of Justice,

“Condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, including, inter alia, the construction and expansion of settlements, transfer of Israeli settlers, confiscation of land, demolition of homes and displacement of Palestinian civilians, in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions,

“Expressing grave concern that continuing Israeli settlement activities are dangerously imperilling the viability of the two-State solution based on the 1967 lines,

“Recalling the obligation under the Quartet Roadmap, endorsed by its resolution 1515 (2003), for a freeze by Israel of all settlement activity, including “natural growth”, and the dismantlement of all settlement outposts erected since March 2001,

“Recalling also the obligation under the Quartet roadmap for the Palestinian Authority Security Forces to maintain effective operations aimed at confronting all those engaged in terror and dismantling terrorist capabilities, including the confiscation of illegal weapons,

“Condemning all acts of violence against civilians, including acts of terror, as well as all acts of provocation, incitement and destruction,

“Reiterating its vision of a region where two democratic States, Israel and Palestine, live side by side in peace within secure and recognized borders,

“Stressing that the status quo is not sustainable and that significant steps, consistent with the transition contemplated by prior agreements, are urgently needed in order to (i) stabilise the situation and to reverse negative trends on the ground which are steadily eroding the two-State solution and entrenching a one-State reality, and (ii) to create the conditions for successful final status negotiations and for advancing the two-State solution through those negotiations and on the ground,

“1. Reaffirms that the establishment by Israel of settlements in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, has no legal validity and constitutes a flagrant violation under international law and a major obstacle to the achievement of the two-State solution and a just, lasting and comprehensive peace;
“2. Reiterates its demand that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, and that it fully respect all of its legal obligations in this regard;
“3. Underlines that it will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations;
“4. Stresses that the cessation of all Israeli settlement activities is essential for salvaging the two-State solution, and calls for affirmative steps to be taken immediately to reverse the negative trends on the ground that are imperilling the two-State solution;
“5. Calls upon all States, bearing in mind paragraph 1 of this resolution, to distinguish, in their relevant dealings, between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied since 1967;
“6. Calls for immediate steps to prevent all acts of violence against civilians, including acts of error, as well as all acts of provocation and destruction, calls for accountability in this regard, and calls for compliance with obligations under international law for the strengthening of ongoing efforts to combat terrorism, including through existing security coordination, and to clearly condemn all acts of terrorism;
“7. Calls upon both parties to act on the basis of international law, including international humanitarian law, and their previous agreements and obligations, to observe calm and restraint, and to refrain from provocative actions, incitement and inflammatory rhetoric, with the aim, inter alia, of de-escalating the situation on the ground, rebuilding trust and confidence, demonstrating through policies and actions a genuine commitment to the two-State solution, and creating the conditions necessary for promoting peace;
“8. Calls upon all parties to continue, in the interest of the promotion of peace and security, to exert collective efforts to launch credible negotiations on all final status issues in the Middle East peace process and within the time frame specified by the Quartet in its statement of 21 September 2010;
“9. Urges in this regard the intensification and acceleration of international and regional diplomatic efforts and support aimed at achieving, without delay a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid terms of reference, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet Roadmap and an end to the Israeli occupation that began in 1967; and underscores in this regard the importance of the ongoing efforts to advance the Arab Peace Initiative, the initiative of France for the convening of an international peace conference, the recent efforts of the Quartet, as well as the efforts of Egypt and the Russian Federation;
“10. Confirms its determination to support the parties throughout the negotiations and in the implementation of an agreement;
“11. Reaffirms its determination to examine practical ways and means to secure the full implementation of an agreement;
“12. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every three months on the implementation of the provisions of the present resolution;
“13. Decides to remain seized of the matter”.

By way of clarification the “recalling of the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the ICJ” was the advice by the Court that Israel’s Apartheid Wall was illegal and should be dismantled. The Wall was of course substantially built upon Palestinian land, i.e. land east of the Green Line.

The reference in the Resolution to “occupied Palestinian territory” included Gaza.

Israel’s response was to take retaliatory action against some of the members of the Security Council, being part of the 14 voting in favour of the resolution.

Shortly after the resolution’s passage, the Israeli government announced that it will not comply with its terms. Prime Minister Netanyahu said: “The resolution … is part of the swan song of the old world that is biased against Israel”.

The Security Council is however the World’s leading authority. It includes all five permanent members – Great Britain, France, Russia, China, and the US – and it is not open or relevant for it to be called ‘biased’.

The Palestinian Authority accepted the Resolution.

Israel, in the seven years since the Resolution has not complied with it at all, and in particular, it has not ceased settlement activities, nor refrained from provocative actions, e.g. what has been occurring at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

In the event, there is a strong argument that Israel, through its flagrant breaches of UN resolutions and international law, is responsible for what happened on October 7. To put it in the vernacular, you reap what you sow.





Yahweh is the name of the state god of the ancient Kingdom of Israel and, later, the Kingdom of Judah. His name means "He Who Makes That Which Has Been Made" and is composed of four Hebrew consonants (YHWH, known as the Tetragrammaton) which the prophet Moses is said to have revealed to his people.

As the name of the supreme being was considered too holy to be spoken, the consonants YHWH were used to remind one to say the word 'adonai' (lord) in place of the god's name, a common practice throughout the Near East in which epithets were used in referencing a deity. All of these stipulations and details were applied to the god later, however; it is unclear exactly when Yahweh was first worshipped, by whom, or how. Scholars J. Maxwell Miller and John H. Hayes write:

The origins of Yahwism are hidden in mystery. Even the final edited form of Genesis – II Kings [in the Bible] presents diverse views on the matter. Thus Genesis 4:16, attributed by literary critics to the so-called `Yahwistic' source, traces the worship of Yahweh back to the earliest days of the human race, while other passages trace the revelation and worship of Yahweh back to Moses [in the Book of Exodus]. (111)





two states....



mouldy promises .....